With critical thinking being important in all processes of problem solving, the nurse considers all possible solutions and decides on the choice of the most appropriate solution for each case These skills have been defined as information gathering, focusing, remembering, organizing, analyzing, generating, integrating and evaluating Registered Nurse's Association of British Columbia, Closed Minded Being closed-minded in nursing is dangerous because it ignores other points of view.
Journal for Nurses in Staff Development. The problem, question, concern or issue being discussed or thought about by the thinker. Using your head to land on your feet: Effectiveness depends upon mutual influence between patient and practitioner, student and learner.
The direction, implication, and consequences for the changes alter the relevance of the particular facts in the situation.
It is important to prompt reflective thinking in middle school children to support them in their transition between childhood and adulthood.
The nursing process is a systematic, rational method of planning and providing specialized nursing Problem Solving Problem solving helps to acquire knowledge as nurse obtains information explaining the nature of the problem and recommends possible solutions which evaluate and select the application of the best without rejecting them in a possible appeal of the original.
The context and sequence of events are essential for making qualitative distinctions; therefore, the clinician must pay attention to transitions in the situation and judgment.
As such, critical reflection may not provide what is needed for a clinician to act in a situation. These skills can be cultivated by educators who display the virtues of critical thinking, including independence of thought, intellectual curiosity, courage, humility, empathy, integrity, perseverance, and fair-mindedness.
The transition from advanced beginners to competent practitioners began when they first had experience with actual clinical situations and could benefit from the knowledge gained from the mistakes of their colleagues.
The powers of noticing or perceptual grasp depend upon noticing what is salient and the capacity to respond to the situation. Critical thinkers in nursing are truth seekers and demonstrate open-mindedness and tolerance for others' views with constant sensitivity to the possibility of their own bias.
Clinical reasoning and judgment are examined in relation to other modes of thinking used by clinical nurses in providing quality health care to patients that avoids adverse events and patient harm.
This skill is also needed to determine if outcomes have been fully reached. Every clinician must develop rigorous habits of critical thinking, but they cannot escape completely the situatedness and structures of the clinical traditions and practices in which they must make decisions and act quickly in specific clinical situations.
It is how we view the client and the type of problems we deal with in practice when we engage in client care. Experiential learning requires open learning climates where students can discuss and examine transitions in understanding, including their false starts, or their misconceptions in actual clinical situations.
This implies that evidence-based practice, indicative of expertise in practice, appropriately applies evidence to the specific situations and unique needs of patients. For example, I work in the emergency room and question: Clinicians and scientists alike need multiple thinking strategies, such as critical thinking, clinical judgment, diagnostic reasoning, deliberative rationality, scientific reasoning, dialogue, argument, creative thinking, and so on.
When the student asked the patient, the student found that the medication was being given for tremors and that the patient and the doctor had titrated the dosage for control of the tremors.One tool that is available to nursing professionals, for their critical reflection process, is the Gibbs’ Reflective Cycle.
The Gibbs’ Reflective Cycle consists firstly of the description of what happened followed by the feeling on the situation, evaluation of the experience, analysis, conclusion and lastly the action plan if a similar. Cody () proposes that the teaching of nursing theory (instead of generic nursing diagnoses and interventions) are a better way to enhance critical thinking for nurses, since nursing theory is unique to the nursing discipline.
Critical thinking and writing are skills that are not easy to acquire. The term ‘critical’ is used differently in social and clinical contexts.
Nursing students need time to master the inquisitive and ruminative aspects of critical thinking that are required in academic environments.
Critical Reflection In Nursing. In the context of professional practices reflection is defined as the examination of personal thoughts and actions (David, ). In this essay I am reflecting on an incident that happened in my earlier years of working as a professional nurse. The incident I am sharing and the subsequent learning I have gained by reflecting it helped me in the later years of my.
Professional and regulatory bodies in nursing education have required that critical thinking be central to all nursing curricula, but they have not adequately distinguished critical reflection from ethical, clinical, or even creative thinking for decisionmaking or actions required by the clinician.
In nursing, critical thinking for clinical decision-making is the ability to think in a systematic and logical manner with openness to question and reflect on the reasoning process used to ensure safe nursing practice and quality care (Heaslip).Download